LilyPad Arduino USB ATmega32U4 Board
LilyPad Arduino USB ATmega32U4 - The LilyPad Arduino USB ATmega32U4 Board is a specialized microcontroller board that is made for use in wearable and e-textile projects. With its small form factor, USB connectivity, and support for conductive thread, it is an excellent choice for a wide range of projects that involve creating interactive clothing, accessories, and other textile-based applications. It is easy to program and use and is a great option for both beginners and experienced makers.
How Does LilyPad Arduino USB Work?
The LilyPad Arduino USB works by using the ATmega32U4 microcontroller, which is the heart of the board. The microcontroller is a small computer on a chip that contains a central processing unit (CPU), and memory. The ATmega32U4 on the LilyPad Arduino USB has 32 KB of flash memory, which is used to store the program code, and 2.5 KB of SRAM, which is used to store data while the program is running.
The microcontroller is connected to various components on the board, such as the USB-to-Serial converter, power LED, and reset button. The USB-to-Serial converter allows the board to communicate with a computer via USB, so it can be programmed and powered through a USB connection. The power LED indicates when the board is powered on, and the reset button is used to restart the program.
The LilyPad Arduino USB also has 15 digital I/O pins, which can be used to connect to sensors, actuators, and other devices. These pins can be configured as inputs or outputs and can be used to read data from sensors or control devices such as LEDs or motors. It also has 9 PWM outputs and 6 analog inputs, which can be used to read or control the intensity of an LED or read the value of an analog sensor.
The board also has conductive pads, which are used to connect the board to other devices or sensors using conductive thread. These pads can be connected to sensors, actuators, and other devices using conductive thread, which is a type of thread that is made of a conductive material such as silver or copper. This allows the board to be sewn into the fabric, making it an ideal choice for wearable and e-textile projects.
Once the board is connected to sensors, actuators, and other devices, it can be programmed to control these devices and collect data from sensors using the Arduino IDE. The program code is written in the Arduino programming language, which is based on C++. The code is then uploaded to the board using the USB connection and the microcontroller begins to execute the program, controlling the devices and collecting data as specified by the program.
Creating a wearable project is no easy task. But with that, developers have come to develop an Arduino-based that you can sew into your apparel.
This module integrates with ATMega32u4 @ 8MHz. It has an Arduino bootloader and a small number of external components keeping it as small as possible. These boards are fitted with a JST female connector that fits well with 3.7 LiPo batteries. The Lilypad's backside is flat, making it easier for mounting without having to be poked by solder traces. It can run with a 3.3V power supply and has a built-in slide switch that can trigger the battery's usage.
Programming this microcontroller board is made easy with the ATMega32u4 with USB communication, eliminating the use of an external USB-to-Serial adapter. This board has a total of 2.5kB SRAM, and EEPROM of 1kB. It has a total of 9 I/O pins, 4 for Analog signals, and 5 digital pins. Out of those 5 digital pins, 4 of them can are for the PWM channel.
Lilypads are created with large connecting pads/solder pads to make sewing easier and connect your components. One thing that made this board superb is that it is washable.